Timeline AD


Date Era


Christian Messiah 0-4 BC Jesus Christ Son of Mary was born in Nazareth.
The Roman Empire (14 – 285 AD) 14-37 AD Tiberius, Julio-Claudian dynasty
33 AD Origin of Christianity and Crucifixion of Jesus Christ Son of Mary.
37-41 AD Caligula, Julio-Claudian dynasty
41-54 AD Claudius, Julio-Claudian dynasty
54-68 AD Nero, Julio-Claudian dynasty
61 AD Revolts in Britain by Druid
64 AD Rome burns while Nero watches while playing lyre.
66-70 AD Jewish revolts in Judea
68-69 AD Galba, Year of the Four Emperors and Flavian dynasty
69-69 AD Otho, Year of the Four Emperors and Flavian dynasty
69-69 AD Vitellius, Year of the Four Emperors and Flavian dynasty
69-79 AD Vespasian, Year of the Four Emperors and Flavian dynasty
70 AD Expulsion of Jews from Palestine
75-80 AD Coliseum is staring to be built for entertainment
79 AD Mt. Vesuvius Eruption preserved city of Pompeii
79-81 AD Titus, Flavian dynasty
77-84 AD Conquest of Britain by Rome
80 AD The famous Colosseum is built.
81-96 AD Domitian, Flavian dynasty
90 AD First Christian bishop of Rome
96-98 AD Nerva, Nerva–Antonine dynasty
98-117 AD Trajan, Nerva–Antonine dynasty
113-117 AD War with Persia known as the Parthian War
117-138 AD Hadrian, Nerva–Antonine dynasty
121 AD Hadrian Wall built to keep out English barbarians
132-135 AD Jewish rebellion due to Rome placing a temple in Jerusalem
138-161 AD Antoninus Pius, Nerva–Antonine dynasty
161-169 AD Lucius Verus, Nerva–Antonine dynasty
161-180 AD Marcus Aurelius, Nerva–Antonine dynasty
165 -180 AD The Antonine Plague caused by smallpox or measles.  It was estimated 5 million people were killed by the plague.
177-192 AD Commodus, Nerva–Antonine dynasty
193 AD Year of the Five Emperors.  The five were Pertinax, Didius Julianus, Pescennius Niger, Clodius Albinus and Septimius Severus.  This year caused civil war as all of these rules wanted to be Caesar of Ancient Rome.
193-211 AD Septimius Severus, Severan dynasty
198-217 AD Caracalla, Severan dynasty
209-211 AD Geta, Severan dynasty
217-218 AD Macrinus with Diadumenian, Severan dynasty
218-222 AD Elagabalus, Severan dynasty
222-235 AD Severus Alexander, Severan dynasty
Crisis of the Third Century (AD 235–284) 235-238 AD Maximinus I, Crisis of the Third Century
238-238 AD Gordian I, Crisis of the Third Century
238-238 AD Gordian II, Crisis of the Third Century
238-238 AD Pupienus, Crisis of the Third Century
238-238 AD Balbinus, Crisis of the Third Century
238-244 AD Gordian III, Crisis of the Third Century
244-249 AD Philip I with Philip III, Crisis of the Third Century
249-251 AD Trajan Decius with Herennius Etruscus, Crisis of the Third Century
251-251 AD Hostilian, Crisis of the Third Century
251-253 AD Trebonianus Gallus with Volusianus, Crisis of the Third Century
253-253 AD Aemilian, Crisis of the Third Century
253-260 AD Valerian, Crisis of the Third Century
253-268 AD Gallienus with Saloninus, Crisis of the Third Century
268-270 AD Claudius Gothicus, Crisis of the Third Century
270-270 AD Quintillus, Crisis of the Third Century
270-275 AD Aurelian, Crisis of the Third Century
275-276 AD Tacitus, Crisis of the Third Century
276-276 AD Florian, Crisis of the Third Century
276-282 AD Probus, Crisis of the Third Century
282-283 AD Carus, Crisis of the Third Century
283-284 AD Numerian, Crisis of the Third Century
283-285 AD Carinus, Crisis of the Third Century
284-305 AD Diocletian
285 AD Empire was divided by Emperor Diocletian and capital was moved to Byzantium
286-305 AD Maximian
305-306 AD Constantius I Chlorus
Christian Roman Empire (305 – 330 AD) 305-306 AD Constantine becomes Emperor and converts Rome’s faith to Christianity
305-311 AD Galerius
306-307 AD Severus II
306-312 AD Maxentius
306-337 AD Constantine I
308-324 AD Licinius I with Valerius Valens and Martinian
311-313 AD Maximinus II
315 AD Christianity was legalized in Ancient Rome
324-337 AD Empire was reunited by Constantine
325 AD Council of Niceae standardizes Christian doctrine
Byzantine Empire (330 – 1453 AD) 330 AD Ceremony of inauguration for the New Rome or Constantinople.
Western Roman Empire Fall (337-493 AD) 337-340 AD Constantine II
337-350 AD Constans I
337-351 AD Constantius fought his brothers for control of Rome and won.
337-361 AD Constantius II
350 AD Vetranio
360-363 AD Julian II “the Apostate”
361-363 AD Eastern Emperor Julianus was killed by the Persians
363-364 AD Jovian
363-367 AD Eastern Emperors were selected by Roman generals
364-375 AD Valentinian I, Valentinian dynasty
364-378 AD Valens, Valentinian dynasty
367-383 AD Gratian, Valentinian dynasty
375-392 AD Valentinian II, Valentinian dynasty
376 AD Visigoths defeated the Romans in the battle of Adrianople in the Balkans
379-395 AD Theodosius I, Theodosian dynasty
379-395 AD Barbarians permitted to on Roman territory in the Balkans
380 AD Theodosius I makes Christianity sole religion of Ancient Rome
382 AD Gratian gave pontifex maximus (religious leader) to Pope Siricius
383-387 AD Magnus Maximus and Emperor Theodosius fight because Theodosius wants Valentinian II to rule the Western part of the empire.  Magnus Maximus  lost and was killed.
383-388 AD Magnus Maximus with Flavius Victor (Western Empire), Theodosian dynasty
383-408 AD Arcadius (Eastern Empire), Theodosian dynasty
393-423 AD Honorius (Western Empire), Theodosian dynasty
394 AD Valentinian II was killed by Frankish leaders.  In retaliation Theodosius forces battled at the Battle of Frigid River which reunited the empire
395 AD Roman Empire splits into two empires by Theodosius heirs
396-402 AD Stilicho defeated  multiple attacks by Visigoths who were led by the Alaric
402-450 AD Theodosius II (Eastern Empire), Theodosian dynasty
406 AD Gaul was overran by barbarian groups such as Alans, Burgundians, Suevi, and Vandals
407 AD Constantine’s troops withdrew from Britain
407-409 AD Constantine III with Constans II (Western Empire), Theodosian dynasty
408 AD Assassination of Stilicho by Honorius
408-450 AD At the age of 7 Theodosius II took office
409 AD Alaric’s Visigoths invaded northern Italy and placed their own government in defiance of the Eastern Emperor Honorius
410 AD Rome has fell to an enemy known as the Visigoths who sacked Rome
421-421 AD Constantius III (Western Empire), Theodosian dynasty
423 AD Johannes was elevated to emperor by Flavious Castinus
423-425 AD Joannes (Western Empire), Theodosian dynasty
424-455 AD Valentinian III (Western Empire), Theodosian dynasty
425 AD Johannes was killed by the forces of Theodosius II and was replaced with Valentinian III
429-431 AD Independent kingdom was established by the Vandals in Roman Africa
435 AD Recognition of the Roman Kingdom of Africa
439 AD Carthage was conquered by the Vandals
450 AD Marcian became the new Eastern Emperor
450-457 AD Marcian (Eastarn Empire), Theodosian dynasty
455 AD Rome was sacked by the Vandals which was led by Gaiseric
455-455 AD Petronius Maximus
455-456 AD Avitus, Last Emperors of the Western Empire
457-461 AD Majorian,  Last Emperors of the Western Empire
457-474 AD Leo I, Leonid dynasty
461-465 AD Libius Severus,  Last Emperors of the Western Empire
467-472 AD Anthemius,  Last Emperors of the Western Empire
472-472 AD Olybrius,  Last Emperors of the Western Empire
473-474 AD Glycerius,  Last Emperors of the Western Empire
474 AD Leo II, Leonid dynasty
474-475 AD Julius Nepos,  Last Emperors of the Western Empire
474-491 AD Zeno, Leonid dynasty
475-476 AD Romulus Augustulus,  Last Emperors of the Western Empire
475-476 AD Basiliscus, Leonid dynasty
476 AD Fall of Ancient Rome by the German Goth Odoacer.
491-518 AD Anastasius I, Leonid dynasty
493 AD Italy was incorporated into the barbarian Kingdom of the Ostrogoths
518-527 AD Justin I, Justinian dynasty
527-565 AD Justinian I, Justinian dynasty
The Aftermath (527 – 1453 AD) 527-565 AD Eastern Emperor known as Justinian reconquered Italy.
541-542 AD Plague of Justinian in Eastern Empire was believed to be caused by the bubonic plague and killed 25 million people.
565-578 AD Justin II, Justinian dynasty
578-582 AD Tiberius II Constantine, Justinian dynasty
582-602 AD Maurice, Justinian dynasty
602-610 AD Phocas
610-641 AD Heraclius, Heraclian dynasty
Islamic Prophet 632 AD Foundation of Islam by Mohammad in Mecca.
641 AD Constantine III, Heraclian dynasty
641 AD Heraklonas, Heraclian dynasty
641-668 AD Constans II, Heraclian dynasty
668-685 AD Constantine IV, Heraclian dynasty
685-695 AD Justinian II, Heraclian dynasty
695-698 AD Leontios, Twenty Years’ Anarchy
698-705 AD Tiberius III Apsimar, Twenty Years’ Anarchy
705-711 AD Justinian II, Twenty Years’ Anarchy
711-713 AD Philippikos Bardanes, Twenty Years’ Anarchy
713-715 AD Anastasios II, Twenty Years’ Anarchy
715-717 AD Theodosios III, Twenty Years’ Anarchy
717-741 AD Leo III, Isaurian dynasty
741-743 AD Artabasdos, Isaurian dynasty
741-775 AD Constantine V, Isaurian dynasty
775-780 AD Leo IV, Isaurian dynasty
780-797 AD Constantine VI, Isaurian dynasty
797-802 AD Irene of Athens, Isaurian dynasty
802- 811 AD Nikephoros I, Nikephorian Dynasty
811-811 AD Staurakios, Nikephorian Dynasty
811-813 AD Michael I Rangabe, Nikephorian Dynasty
813-820 AD Leo V
820-829 AD Michael II, Amorian dynasty
829-842 AD Theophilos, Amorian dynasty
842-867 AD Michael III, Amorian dynasty
867-886 AD Basil I, Macedonian dynasty
886-912 AD Leo VI, Macedonian dynasty
912-913 AD Alexander, Macedonian dynasty
913-959 AD Constantine VII, Macedonian dynasty
920-944 AD Romanos I, Macedonian dynasty
959-963 AD Romanos II, Macedonian dynasty
963-969 AD Nikephoros II, Macedonian dynasty
969-976 AD John I Tzimiskes, Macedonian dynasty
976-1025 AD Basil II, Macedonian dynasty
1025-1028 AD Constantine VIII, Macedonian dynasty
1028-1034 AD Romanos III, Macedonian dynasty
1028-1050 AD Zoe, Macedonian dynasty
1034-1041 AD Michael IV, Macedonian dynasty
1041-1042 AD Michael V, Macedonian dynasty
1042-1055 AD Constantine IX, Macedonian dynasty
1042-1056 AD Theodora, Macedonian dynasty
1056-1057 AD Michael VI
1057-1059 AD Isaac I, Komnenid dynasty
1059-1067 AD Constantine X, Doukid dynasty
1067-1078 AD Michael VII,Doukid dynasty
1068-1071 AD Romanos IV, Doukid dynasty
1078-1081 AD Nikephoros III, Doukid dynasty
1081-1118 AD Alexious I, Komnenid dynasty
1118-1143 AD John II, Komnenid dynasty
1143-1180 AD Manuel I, Komnenid dynasty
1180-1183 AD Alexios II, Komnenid dynasty
1183-1185 AD Andronikos I, Komnenid dynasty
1185-1195 AD Isaac II, Angelid dynasty
1195-1203 AD Alexios III, Angelid dynasty
1203-1204 AD Isaac II, Angelid dynasty
1203-1204 AD Alexios IV, Angelid dynasty
1204-1204 AD Alexios V, Angelid dynasty
1205-1222 AD Theodore I, Laskarid dynasty
1222-1254 AD John III Doukas Vatatzes, Laskarid dynasty
1254-1258 AD Theodore II, Laskarid dynasty
1258-1261 AD John IV, Laskarid dynasty
1259-1282 AD Michael VIII, Palaiologan dynasty
1282-1328 AD Andronikos II, Palaiologan dynasty
1328-1341 AD Andronikos III, Palaiologan dynasty
1341-1376 AD John V, Palaiologan dynasty
1347-1354 AD John VI, Palaiologan dynasty
1376-1379 AD Andronikos IV, Palaiologan dynasty
1379-1390 AD John V, Palaiologan dynasty
1390-1390 AD John VII, Palaiologan dynasty
1390-1391 AD John V, Palaiologan dynasty
1391-1425 AD Manuel II, Palaiologan dynasty
1425-1448 AD John VIII, Palaiologan dynasty
1449-1453 AD Constantine XI, Palaiologan dynasty
Fall of Rome to the Ottoman Empire (1453 AD) 1453 AD Byzantine Empire falls to the Muslim Ottoman Empire.


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